Sudan’s military and civilian leaders announced Friday that they have reached an agreement to share power for just over three years until free elections are held
According to the Wall Street Journal, the two sides have agreed to form a military-civilian alliance authority to govern Sudan for an interregnum period of thirty-nine months. Mohamed Hassan Lebatt, a mediator from the African Union, stated that the power of the alliance will rotate between military and civilian leaders during the transitional period. According to Amjad Farid, a leader of the Sudanese Professionals Association, “A military general will lead the joint council for the first 21 months, then a civilian leader will lead for 18 months” (New York Times, 2019). After the thirty-nine month transition period concludes, it is expected that the military will return to its duties and for free democratic elections to take place. ~
The deal between the military and civilian authorities comes as the culmination of protests and uprisings last December over the price of bread, that was ultimately followed by a civilian movement to remove President Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir after a thirty year reign that was often described as turbulent and brutal (New York Times, 2019). President al-Bashir was replaced, however, with the defense minister and confidant of al-Bashir by the name of Lt. Gen. Awad Mohamed Ahmed Ibm Auf. Since this transition, thousands of Sudanese have demanded immediate civilian rule, leading to protests that have been met with violence from the military ran Sudanese government. The most violent of protests since the December uprisings came on June 3, according to the New York Times, in which reportedly “Paramilitary Rapid Support Forces swept through the protest site, raping women, shooting protesters and throwing bodies in the Nile. At least 128 people were killed over several days of violence, doctors said, and hundreds were wounded.” ~
According to the Wall Street Journal, although the military-civilian agreement ensures free elections after the three year transition period, questions still remain on how the deal would be perceived by the thousands of Sudanese who have been demanding immediate civilian rule and freedom. Worries still remain on the stability of the agreement as well as a similar three-year transition agreement was met in May but was quickly collapsed. ~
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