Jury finds two Native Hawaiian men guilty of hate crime in attack on white man

On Thursday a jury in Hawaii found two native Hawaiian men guilty of a hate crime relating to the serious assault of a white man. The victim was reportedly working on his house in a Maui neighbourhood when the incident took place.

Prosecutors said during the trial, which took place in U.S. District Court in Honolulu, that Alo-Kaonohi and Aki were motivated by Christopher Kunzelman’s race when they punched, kicked, and used a shovel to assault men. They said that Kunzelman was left concussed, he had two broken ribs and suffered trauma to the head and abdominal, prosecutors alleged.

Lawyers for Alo-Kaonohi and Aki did dispute the assault took place; however they refuted claims that it was a hate crime. The defence said that Kunzelman’s entitled and disrespectful attitude was the catalyst for the attack.

“Haole,” a Hawaiian word with meanings that include foreign and white person, was a large part of the prosecution’s case.

At one point Aki is heard saying, “You’s a haole, eh,” but defense attorneys argued that he didn’t use the word in a derogatory way.

“It’s not a hate crime to assault somebody and in the course of it use the word ‘haole,’” attorney Lynn Panagakos said during her opening statement. She noted that Aki is part-Hawaiian and part-haole.

“’Haole’ has multiple meanings depending on the context,” she argued. “It’s an accepted word.”

U.S. District Judge J. Michael Seabright found both men guilty of a hate crime and ordered Kaulana Alo-Kaonohi and Levi Aki Jr. remain in custody until sentencing, which is scheduled for the 2nd of March 2023.

Alo-Kaonohi’s father, Chico Kaonohi, said that race played no part in the attack and “’Haole’ is not a racial word.”

“Where we come from, we’re not racial people,” Chico Kaonohi, said. “It wasn’t about race.”




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Paul, 37, is from Scotland in the UK, but currently lives and works in Bangkok. Paul has worked in different industries such as telemarketing, retail, hospitality, farming, insurance, and teaching, where he works now. He teaches at an all-girls High School in Bangkok. “It’s a lot of work, but I love my job.” Paul has an active interest in politics. His reason for writing for FBA is to offer people the facts and allow them to make up their own minds. Whilst he believes opinion columns have their place, it is also important that people can have accurate news with no bias.

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